Kencur (Kaempferia galanga L) - This plants comes from southern India, thrives in the tropics where are a lot of rain, from the lowlands to mountains. Thrives on soils that are black and Sandy, with a slightly sheltered. Many cultivated in Indonesia, especially in Java Island. In addition, grown in Malaysia, Taiwan, China and India too.
Rhizome-great galingale containing saponins, flavonoida and compounds of polyphenol, in addition to essential oil (2.4-3.9%) containing borneol, camphor, sineol, ethyl alcohol, acid methyl-kaneelat and pentadekan compounds.
Kencur is used for spice and be used also as a traditional medicine. Benefits of kencur collected from some of the writings, particularly of research results.
Kencur is predominantly used as a liniment on swelling caused by sprains (sprained) or stricken by blunt object, as well as for gout or arthritis. In addition, it is also used to treat colds (as flatulens), inflammation of the stomach, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, antidote to the poison, and cough medicine. It is also used to treat sore skin, ear infections, ulcers, and as roboransia. Kaempferia galanga is also sometimes used as a bioinsektisida. ( Source: Dra. Sri Rahayu Endarti, MSi.).
In other research, kencur is also used as a shampoo for dandruff, while leaves of kencur added to fragrances. In Visayas, since 1668 kencur is granted to an exhausted mother who just giving birth. Lisa Miranti (2009) in her thesis wrote that the essential oil of kencur made in the form of a beige can effect an anti germ that often cause serious skin infections, i.e. the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.
Dental experts from Thailand, in his research he report that kencur is used as a remedy for sprue, can reduce inflammation and does not have the effect of irritation.
Kaempferia galanga L In Beras Kencur (Indonesian Recipe)
In Javanese society, kencur combined with rice and processed into beverages named “Beras Kencur”. This drink is also classified as a herbal medicine because it is have efficacy to increases appetite and relieve stiff. These drinks are sold in traditional markets and itinerant peddlers of herbal medicine. Later In herbal medicine industry, Beras Kencur has been packaged in the form of powders, concentrates, as well as a refreshing beverage in the packaging box.
If you want to make Beras Kencur yourself at home, it is very easy to made. First of all, Prepare rice and kencur as needed. If you want a different flavor and aroma, please add the other ingredients. Normally other ingredients are: kedawung seeds, ginger rhizome, kapulogo seeds, tamarind, wood keningar, turmeric, lemon, or nutmeg. For sweeteners, use brown sugar mixed with white sugar or sugar cubes.
Method of producing Beras Kencur in general are not much different. At first the rice roasted, then pounded into powder. These ingredients are then mixed, pressed and filtered, then added boiled water little by little. While the tamarind and brown sugar each boiled until mixed and then filtered. Tamarind water and sugar water were then added to the rice mixture and stirred well.
For other ingredients can be added as desired, also be ground into powder, plus boiled water, and squeezed. Furthermore, additional flavor and aroma of other materials can be incorporated according to the composition of the blend.